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Setting up a business involves complying with a range of legal requirements. Find out which ones apply to you and your new enterprise.

What particular regulations do specific types of business (such as a hotel, or a printer, or a taxi firm) need to follow? We explain some of the key legal issues to consider for 200 types of business.

While poor governance can bring serious legal consequences, the law can also protect business owners and managers and help to prevent conflict.

Whether you want to raise finance, join forces with someone else, buy or sell a business, it pays to be aware of the legal implications.

From pay, hours and time off to discipline, grievance and hiring and firing employees, find out about your legal responsibilities as an employer.

Marketing matters. Marketing drives sales for businesses of all sizes by ensuring that customers think of their brand when they want to buy.

Commercial disputes can prove time-consuming, stressful and expensive, but having robust legal agreements can help to prevent them from occurring.

Whether your business owns or rents premises, your legal liabilities can be substantial. Commercial property law is complex, but you can avoid common pitfalls.

With information and sound advice, living up to your legal responsibilities to safeguard your employees, customers and visitors need not be difficult or costly.

As information technology continues to evolve, legislation must also change. It affects everything from data protection and online selling to internet policies for employees.

Intellectual property (IP) isn't solely relevant to larger businesses or those involved in developing innovative new products: all products have IP.

Knowing how and when you plan to sell or relinquish control of your business can help you to make better decisions and achieve the best possible outcome.

From bereavement, wills, inheritance, separation and divorce to selling a house, personal injury and traffic offences, learn more about your personal legal rights.

Fishing tackle retailer legal issues

There are several pieces of legislation that apply to fishing tackle retailers. They cover areas such as licensing, lead weights, and the sale of knives.

What licences does a fishing tackle retailer need?

There are no licensing requirements relating specifically to fishing tackle retailers.

You should, however, be aware of the following:

  • fishing tackle shops in Scotland that sell fishing and hunting knives are likely to need a knife dealer's licence from their local authority
  • you will need consumer credit authorisation from the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) if credit terms are offered to your retail customers
  • you will need a Music Licence from PPL PRS Ltd. There is an annual fee for this which you can pay online on the PPL PRS website
  • businesses which keep computerised records of individuals' personal details - perhaps for finance purposes - may be required to register as data users with the Information Commissioner's Office (ICO)

You might decide to sell some second-hand items. Local authorities in Scotland require second-hand dealers to obtain a licence or registration to operate. This applies unless dealing in second-hand goods is only incidental to the main business activity. Elsewhere in the UK, some local authorities license or register businesses (with some specific exemptions) where second-hand dealing is the main or a significant part of the business and is not just incidental. If you are in any doubt as to whether second-hand dealer licensing may apply to your business, contact your local authority trading standards department for guidance.

It will be helpful if you are aware of the requirements for rod fishing licences so that you can advise your customers accordingly. A rod fishing licence is compulsory for any angler (aged 12 or more - although licences for 12 to 16 year olds are issued free) fishing for salmon, trout, freshwater fish or eels in England and Wales and so it is likely that many of your customers will need one. Different categories of licence are available but they are all obtained from the Environment Agency, through the Gov.uk website or the Post Office.

In Northern Ireland, a rod licence and fishery permit are required for fishing both game species and coarse species. These are available from an angling licence and permit distributor or by contacting the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) Inland Fisheries. The NI Direct website includes details of the different licences and permits and names, addresses and contact details for licence and permit distributors.

There is no national rod licence in Scotland, although written permission to fish is usually required (always when fishing for salmon).

Anglers' lead weights

It is illegal to use or sell lead fishing weights of between 0.06 and 28.35 grams - this is to protect mute swans from being accidentally poisoned if they swallow discarded weights. The ban is enforced by trading standards officers.

Sale of knives

If you sell fishing knives you must comply with the Offensive Weapons Act which places restrictions on the sale of knives to those under the age of 18. You must also comply with the Knives Act which states that knives must not be marketed in a way that is likely to encourage violent behaviour. Retailers in Scotland selling knives must obtain a knife dealer's licence if they are not covered by an exemption.

Retailing

There is a wide range of legislation that applies to retail outlets and that protects the interests of the consumer. For example, goods and services must not be misleadingly described and the retail price of goods must be clearly displayed. You will be responsible for making sure that all goods or services are fit for their intended purpose and of satisfactory quality.

e-Commerce

If you sell goods online then there's special legislation that applies to your business. It covers matters like the information you must give on your website, distance selling and email privacy. There's detailed guidance on your legal obligations to consumers, and on the requirements when selling online, on the Trading Standards Business Companion website.

Workplace smoking bans

Smoking is no longer permitted in public places and workplaces, including shops and even work vehicles. You must display appropriate 'No Smoking' signs. The legislation varies slightly in different parts of the UK so contact your local authority for details of how the ban affects you. You can also find out more on the HSE website.

Carrier bag charge

A 5 pence charge applies in England, but small and medium-sized businesses (with fewer than 250 full-time equivalent employees) are exempt. You can get detailed guidance from the gov.uk website.

Retailers in Wales and Scotland must charge customers at least 5 pence if they supply them with a single-use carrier bag. This applies to all types of single-use bag, whether they are made of plastic, paper or plant-based starch. There is detailed guidance on the Gov.Wales and Zero Waste Scotland websites.

In Northern Ireland retailers must charge customers a 5 pence levy on all bags with a retail price of less than 20 pence (including any bags that would otherwise be free of charge), whether they are single-use or reusable.

Health & Safety, fire

You must comply with workplace health and safety and fire safety legislation.

Employment legislation

Anyone employing staff must comply with employment legislation. Important areas of legislation include recruitment, employment contracts, pay, working hours, holidays, employment policies, sickness, maternity, paternity, discrimination, discipline, grievances, dismissals, redundancies and employment tribunals.

Insurance for a fishing tackle retailer

Contact an insurer or insurance broker and explain exactly how your business will operate - they will then explain what insurance cover you must have by law, and other cover you should consider. This might include:

  • premises, premises contents and stock
  • goods in transit (being collected or delivered)
  • cash
  • business interruption
  • employer's liability
  • public liability
  • product liability
  • motor insurance (for business vehicles)

When comparing insurance quotes, uncover the differences between policies by using an insurance comparison form.

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