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Setting up a business involves complying with a range of legal requirements. Find out which ones apply to you and your new enterprise.

While poor governance can bring serious legal consequences, the law can also protect business owners and managers and help to prevent conflict.

Whether you want to raise finance, join forces with someone else, buy or sell a business, it pays to be aware of the legal implications.

From pay, hours and time off to discipline, grievance and hiring and firing employees, find out about your legal responsibilities as an employer.

Marketing matters. Marketing drives sales for businesses of all sizes by ensuring that customers think of their brand when they want to buy.

Commercial disputes can prove time-consuming, stressful and expensive, but having robust legal agreements can help to prevent them from occurring.

Whether your business owns or rents premises, your legal liabilities can be substantial. Commercial property law is complex, but you can avoid common pitfalls.

With information and sound advice, living up to your legal responsibilities to safeguard your employees, customers and visitors need not be difficult or costly.

As information technology continues to evolve, legislation must also change. It affects everything from data protection and online selling to internet policies for employees.

Intellectual property (IP) isn't solely relevant to larger businesses or those involved in developing innovative new products: all products have IP.

Knowing how and when you plan to sell or relinquish control of your business can help you to make better decisions and achieve the best possible outcome.

From bereavement, wills, inheritance, separation and divorce to selling a house, personal injury and traffic offences, learn more about your personal legal rights.

Ten ways to protect your intellectual property

  1. List all your IP assets. Ensure that you have a procedure in place to assess and account for your IP, from trade marks, copyrights and designs, to patents and domain names. Use the free IP Healthcheck tool on the Intellectual Property Office (IPO) website to compile a list of the IP you own.
  2. Check that your IP idea is original. Use patent and trade mark searches early in the development of new products, logos and processes to establish whether someone else has got there first and protected them. This is a complex area. Consider using the services of a patent or trade mark attorney. They can help you ensure your search is thorough and that your invention truly is new.
  3. Record the evidence of IP development. Keep a log of evidence that records the development of your IP. For example, file dated and signed copies of drawings and drafts.
  4. Prevent IP theft through contracts. Ensure all your employment and consultancy contracts clearly state your ownership of any IP developed by your firm.
  5. Seek advice if you are unsure you are protected. To ensure that any trade mark you create is properly protected, contact a trade mark agent for advice through the Chartered Institute of Trade Mark Attorneys. Find a patent agent through the Chartered Institute of Patent Attorneys.
  6. Protect your IP early as registration takes time. It typically takes between 2 and 4 years to get a UK patent granted. However, under certain circumstances, it is possible to have your UK patent fast-tracked - reducing the waiting time to under a year. Fast track approval is available for inventions that offer an environmental benefit and those that have already received a positive examination report from an international patent office. Bear in mind it typically takes about six months to register a trade mark.
  7. Guard against IP infringement online. IP infringement has become easier with the growth of internet use and social networking. It happens more than you think - you post a blog or image online and someone else takes it and passes it off as their own. Copyright and ownership notices will do a lot to put them off, and make it easier to seek redress. Use search engines to check that no one is using your copy, logo or images without your permission.
  8. Protect your IP outside the UK. Seek advice from a patent and/or trademark attorney (see 5) on whether you need to protect your IP overseas. Remember you will need separate international patents, design rights and trade marks to protect your IP abroad.
  9. Keep an eye out for IP scams. The IPO has warned that applicants and owners of UK trademarks and patents have received bogus letters from scammers demanding payment in return for registering their details. To avoid falling prey to fraudsters, only deal with official bodies such as the IPO or the European Patent Office (or patent and trademark attorneys) when making applications.
  10. Be prepared to take legal action over IP infringement. Weigh up whether taking legal action will be worth the expense, but be prepared to pursue offenders for infringement where necessary - sometimes one stiff letter gets results. Alternatively, be prepared to sit down and negotiate a licence, at least this way you avoid court and could be paid some royalties.

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